DUORUM Vinhos, S.A. Environmental Policy
Duorum is a Latin word meaning "from two".
Duorum Vinhos is a recent project, a company producing high quality wines based on sustainable rural development principles.
What makes Duorum Vinhos different:
 - Management of 300ha with two vineyards located in Vila Nova de Foz Côa - Quinta de Castelo Melhor and Quinta do Custódio - as well as of one winery in Ervedosa do Douro.
 - Vineyards are inserted in the Douro Demarcated Wine Region, one of the most ancient in the world whose with landscape and cultural importance are recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage. They are also located near the Prehistoric Rock Art sites in Côa Valley (Picture 1).
 - The vineyards are in two locations integrated in the European Network for Nature Conservation (Natura 2000), Special Protection Areas for Birds in Douro International and Vale do Águeda, and Sites of Community Importance in Douro International.
Picture 1 - Location of vineyards and winery in Douro Demarcated Wine Region and in protection areas nearby.
In this "Quinta" there is a cliff over Douro River, which is used by rupiculous bird species known for nesting in rocks, and also by some other protected species:
The best way of managing these particular conditions was by establishing an Environmental and Biodiversity Policy under the orientation of specialized partners.
General objectives for Duorum Vinhos:
 - To produce wines of high quality while having the concern of minimizing ecological and landscape impacts.
 - To minimize all impacts related with the plantation of new vineyards
 - To avoid soil erosion and maintain the natural landscape of the region
 - To contribute for the preservation of local biodiversity
Some measures already in force at Duorum Vinhos estates:  
 Biodiversity: Protection of the cliff used by rupiculous bird species Biodiversity: Maintaining traditional habitats, including olive groves and cornfields. Creation of feeding places for animals.
Biodiversity and erosion: Preservation of natural vegetation in the vineyards, watercourses and other natural areas. Biodiversity: Development of plans for preserving Black Wheatear bird and for monitoring the impacts of new vineyards on birds population.
Landscape: Use of materials from the region (schist) in new buildings and in stone walls recovery. Biodiversity and landscape: Preferential usage of native species in the estates.
Duorum exemplary environmental policy has been recognized by the Portuguese Nature Conservation Institute, which accepted Duorum in the European Initiative on Business & Biodiversity (Picture 2), a group of European companies defending nature and biodiversity. This commitment became an important tool for reaching the rigorous environmental standards set by Duorum Vinhos when integrating an international project of such high quality.
Business & Biodiversity
 Picture 2 - Initiative on Business & Biodiversity logo in Portugal
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* Countries without age limits for drinking 'off-premise' (Belgium only wine and beer);
** The legal age for consumption 'off-premise' in Denmark is 16 years;
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Source: Peter Anderson and Ben Baumberg, The alcohol in Europe: a public health prespective - Report to the European Commission, 2006.
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